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173 Chinese economic terms (general economic vocabulary)

Chinese economic terms (经济)

I’ve put together this quick list of Chinese economic terms from various sources online. I’ve tried to include general economic vocabulary and left out anything that seemed too specialist.

You can download the list:

Either of those formats is very easy to import into Anki to turn the whole list into flashcards. You can also study the list in Skritter (which was used to generate the pinyin and definitions).

Here’s the list itself:

Chinese economic terms

  • 产品 chǎnpǐn product; goods; merchandise
  • 崩溃 bēngkuì collapse; crumble; fall apart
  • 变动成本 biàndòng chéngběn variable costs
  • 边际 biānjì limit; bound
  • 边际利润率 biānjì lìrùnlǜ profit margin
  • 不平等 bù píngděng unequal; unfair
  • 不正当竞争 bùzhèngdāngjìngzhēng unfair competition
  • 财富 cáifù wealth; riches; fortune
  • 财务预测 cáiwù yùcè financial forecast
  • 差距 chājù disparity; gap; the difference (in distance; amount; progress; etc.)
  • 成本 chéngběn cost (manufacturing, production, etc.)
  • 出超 chūchāo trade surplus
  • 出口 chūkǒu exit; speak; export
  • 贷款人 dàikuǎnrén lender
  • 电子商务 diànzǐshāngwù e-commerce
  • 东盟 dōngméng Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
  • 东南亚国家联盟 dōngnányàguójiāliánméng Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
  • 对冲基金 duìchōngjījīn hedge fund
  • 多边 duōbiān multilateral; polygon
  • 反垄断 fǎnlǒngduàn anti-trust; anti-monopoly
  • 繁荣 fánróng prosperous; prosperity; booming (economy)
  • 发展中国家 fāzhǎnzhōngguójiā developing country
  • 非政府组织 fēizhèngfǔzǔzhī nongovernmental organization
  • 风险 fēngxiǎn risk; venture; hazard
  • 分销 fēnxiāo retail; distribution
  • 腐败 fǔbài corruption; corrupt; rotten
  • 复苏 fùsū resuscitate; recovery
  • 负增长 fùzēngzhǎng negative growth
  • 改革 gǎigé to reform
  • 供给 gōngjǐ to furnish; provide; to supply
  • 公开上市 gōngkāi shàngshì public listing; go public (with a company)
  • 公司价值 gōngsī jiàzhí corporate value; company value
  • 公司债券 gōngsī zhàiquàn corporate bond
  • 公司债 gōngsīzhài corporate bonds
  • 共同市场 gòngtóngshìchǎng common market
  • 供应 gōngyìng to supply; provide; offer
  • 供应商 gōngyìng shāng supplier; provider
  • 工资 gōngzī wages; pay; earnings; salary
  • 关税 guānshuì customs duty
  • 挂牌 guàpái lit. to hang up a plate; to open up for business
  • 固定成本 gùdìng chéngběn Fixed cost
  • 固定收入 gùdìngshōurù fixed income
  • 股东 gǔdōng stockholder; shareholder
  • 国际货币基金 guójìhuòbìjījīn IMF (International Monetary Fund)
  • 国库券 guókùquàn treasure bonds; treasury bill issued by a government
  • 国民生产总值 guómínshēngchǎnzǒngzhí GNP
  • 国民收入 guómínshōurù measures of national income and output
  • 国内生产总值 guónèishēngchǎnzǒngzhí gross domestic product
  • 国债 guózhài national debt; government debt
  • 股票 gǔpiào shares; stock (market)
  • 股票市场 gǔpiàoshìchǎng stock market
  • 宏观经济 hóngguānjīngjì macro-economic
  • 红利 hónglì dividend; bonus
  • 后市 hòushì afternoon market
  • 华尔街 huá'ěrjiē Wall Street
  • 黄金 huángjīn gold
  • 黄金储备 huángjīn chǔbèi gold reserve
  • 回升 huíshēng rise again
  • 货币 huòbì currency; money
  • 货币政策 huòbì zhèngcè monetary policy
  • 货物 huòwù goods; commodity; merchandise
  • 价格 jiàgé price
  • 价格歧视 jiàgéqíshì price discrimination
  • 奖金 jiǎngjīn bonus
  • 交割 jiāogē complete a business transaction
  • 交易 jiāoyì business transaction; deal; trade
  • 交易成本 jiāoyìchéngběn transaction cost
  • 价值 jiàzhí value; worth
  • 基础设施 jīchǔshèshī infrastructure
  • 基金 jījīn fund; endowment
  • 进口 jìn kǒu import; entrance; enter
  • 经济 jīngjì economy; economic
  • 经济均衡 jīngjì jūnhéng economic equilibrium
  • 经济学 jīngjìxué economics
  • 经济增长率 jīngjìzēngzhǎnglǜ economic growth rate
  • 净利润 jìnglìrùn net profit
  • 景气 jǐngqì economic prosperity; (economic) boom
  • 竞争 jìngzhēng compete
  • 金融 jīnróng banking finance; financial
  • 集团 jítuán group; bloc; circle; clique
  • 基准利率 jīzhǔn lìlǜ base rate (of interest)
  • 可支配收入 kě zhīpèi shōurù disposable income
  • 跨国公司 kuàguó gōngsī transnational corporation; multinational corporation
  • 利率 lìlǜ interest rate
  • 零和博弈 línghèbóyì zero-sum game
  • 利润 lìrùn profit
  • 利息 lìxī interest (on a loan)
  • 垄断企业 lǒngduànqǐyè monopoly
  • 毛利 máolì gross profit
  • 贸易 màoyì (commercial) trade
  • 贸易逆差 màoyìnìchā trade deficit
  • 贸易平衡 màoyìpínghéng trade balance
  • 贸易顺差 màoyìshùnchā trade surplus
  • 美元 měiyuán U.S. dollar
  • 内需 nèixū domestic demand
  • 欧盟 Ōuméng the European Union; EU
  • 欧洲联盟 ōuzhōuliánméng European Union / EU
  • 泡沫经济 pàomòjīngjì bubble economy
  • 贫困率 pínkùn lǜ poverty rate
  • 破产 pò chǎn go bankrupt; go broke; bankruptcy
  • 期货 qīhuò futures (on goods)
  • 囚徒困境 qiútú kùnjìng (Game theory) prisoner’s dilemma
  • 全球变暖 quánqiúbiànnuǎn global warming (PRC usage)
  • 全球化 quánqiúhuà globalization
  • 人均收入 rénjūn shōurù per capita income
  • 商品 shāngpǐn goods; commodity; merchandise
  • 上市 shàngshì (said of seasonal goods or new products) go on the market
  • 商务 shāngwù business; commercial affairs
  • 上限 shàngxiàn upper bound; superior limit
  • 生产总值 shēngchǎnzǒngzhí total output value; gross product
  • 市场占有率 shìchǎngzhànyǒulǜ market share
  • 世界贸易组织 Shìjièmàoyìzǔzhī World Trade Organization
  • 世界银行 shìjièyínháng World Bank
  • 收益 shōuyì earnings; profit
  • 收支 shōuzhī income and expenses; cash flow balance
  • 双输 shuāngshū no-win situation; lose-lose
  • 双赢 shuāngyíng mutually beneficial; win-win
  • shuì tax
  • 苏黎世 sūlíshì Zurich, Switzerland
  • 损失 sǔnshī loss (financial); lose
  • 掏空 tāo kōng to hollow out
  • 逃税 táoshuì tax evasion
  • 替代品 tìdàipǐn substitute product
  • 通货膨胀 tōnghuò péngzhàng inflation
  • 通货紧缩 tōnghuòjǐnsuō deflation
  • 同盟 tóngméng alliance; league
  • 通胀 tōngzhàng inflation
  • 通胀率 tōngzhànglǜ inflation rate
  • 投资 tóu zī investment
  • 投资银行 tóuzīyínháng investment banking
  • 退休金计划 tuìxiūjīnjìhuà retirement plan
  • 外汇储备 wàihuìchǔbèi foreign exchange reserves
  • 外汇交易 wàihuìjiāoyì Forex trading
  • 违约 wéiyuē to break a contract
  • 物价 wùjià (commodity) prices
  • 物品 wùpǐn articles; goods; materials
  • 现金流量 xiànjīnliúliàng cash flow
  • 消费 xiāofèi consumption; spending
  • 消费物价指数 xiāofèi wùjià zhǐshù consumer price index
  • 消费者 xiāofèi zhě consumer
  • 效率 xiàolǜ efficiency
  • 销售 xiāoshòu to sell; to market; sales
  • 新兴市场 xīnxīngshìchǎng emerging market
  • 信用额度 xìnyòng'édù line of credit
  • 信用评级 xìnyòngpíngjí credit card rating
  • 薪资 xīnzī salary
  • 需求 xūqiú requirement; demand (economics)
  • 应计 yīngjì accrual (accounting)
  • 营运成本 yíngyùn chéngběn operating costs
  • 隐含成本 yǐnhán chéngběn implicit cost; hidden cost
  • 由上而下 yóushàng'érxià top to bottom
  • 欲望 yùwàng desire; lust
  • 增值 zēngzhí increase in value; appreciate
  • 增值税 zēngzhíshuì value added tax (VAT)
  • 债票 zhàipiào bond (financial)
  • 债务 zhàiwù debt
  • 涨价 zhǎng jià appreciate (in value); increase in price
  • 折旧 zhéjiù depreciate; depreciation (in value of property)
  • 折扣 zhékòu discount
  • 证券 zhèngquàn negotiable securities
  • 证券交易所 zhèngquànjiāoyìsuǒ stock exchange
  • 制度 zhìdù system; institution
  • 知识产权 zhīshichǎnquán intellectual property rights
  • 指数 zhǐshù index
  • 专利 zhuānlì patent
  • 主体 zhǔtǐ main part; subject; agent
  • 资本结构 zīběnjiégòu capital structure
  • 资产 zīchǎn property; assets
  • 资金 zījīn funds; funding
  • 自由贸易 zìyóumàoyì free trade
  • 自由贸易区 zìyóumàoyìqū free trade zone
  • 自由贸易协定 zìyóumàoyìxiédìng free trade agreement
  • 资源 zīyuán natural resource; resource

You might want to have a look at this much, much more comprehensive list for other Chinese economic terms: Glossary of Financial Terms English Chinese

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